PICO has four elements:
Patient/Problem, Intervention, Comparison and Outcome. Below are some tools to help you use PICO to shape your research question, help you explore the EBP process, and discover how PICO integrates your clinical knowledge with your research skills to shape your mastery of nursing knowledge.
What is your research question? An introduction to the PICOT format for clinicians, Riva, J.J., Malik, K.M.P., Burnie, S.J., Endicott, A.R., Busse, J.W. (2012). J Can Chiropr Assoc 56(3), PMC3430448.
Evidence-Base Practice, ASHA (American speech-Language-Hearing Association)
Using PubMed in EBP, Training Course, National Library of Medicine
Type of Study, California State University, Northridge (CSUN)
Definition of Concepts, University of Manitoba Libraries Health Sciences LibGuide
Guidelines and Measures, AHRQ (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality)
AACN Standards, American Association of Critical Care Nurses
Evidence-Based Practice, Step by Step, AJN (American Journal of Nursing)