Technical reports are scientific and technical information that usually originate from research sponsored by federal government agencies, but may also come from academic institutions, state or foreign governments, and private firms and organizations. They contain results of research carried out in government labs or on government contracts or, in the case of private companies, for in-house, proprietary use. They are often cited in engineering literature and occasionally indexed in databases; however, they often are difficult to verify and obtain as issuing or funding agencies may not make their reports publicly available. Technical reports can be particularly difficult to identify and locate as publication and dissemination of has never been centrally coordinated.
Characteristics of technical reports are that they:
are written by and for experts within a given discipline
contain the results of funded research
address the needs of the sponsoring organizations
can be difficult to locate and obtain
Major U.S. government sources include:
Department of Defense (DOD)
Department of Energy (DOE and its predecessors the AEC, ERDA, etc.)
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) NASA (and its predecessor NACA)
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST, formerly the National Bureau of Standards, NBS)
Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC or NUREG)
Technical reports can be searched by author(s), title, and report number. Technical Report number formats are usually alpha numeric and can be based on:
Superintendent of Documents classification number
These numbers are important and are often the easiest way to find a specific report or document.Technical report number systems although controlled by the publishing organization usually include the following elements: agency, society, or company delineator year code specific number for each report.
PB93-229409 (NTIS accession number)
Technical Reports: Civil Engineering, Environmental Engineering, and construction management
Sponsored by ACM, arXiv.org e-Print archive, NCSTRL (Networked Computer Science Technical Reference Library), and AAAI (Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence), this repository for computing research papers/projects brings together computer research and is freely available.
Database of electronic preprints covering physics, astronomy, math, computer science, quantitative biology, and statistics. (Preprints are drafts of articles; many will later go through a formal peer-review process and be published in scholarly journals.) ArXiv is also available in the database ADS (Astrophysical Data System).