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CS 460 Computer Networks

Guide for creating Infographics and Data Visualizations

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Bridget Rowan Wipf

What is an infographic?

An infographic a visual presentation of information in the form of charts, graphs, or other images accompanied by minimal text, intended to give an easily understood overview, often of a complex subject

Infographic components

Infographics can be broken into these main components:

  • Visual (colors and graphics)
  • Content (data, statistics and/or facts)
  • Knowledge (analysis or insight into the data)

Steps to Creating an Infographic

Once you've read through the parameters of the assignment and selected a topic, follow these broad steps to create an infographic: 

  1. Know your data and purpose
    • Creating an infographic requires you to do thorough research on your topic. Read everything and collect as much data as you can find related to your subject matter. Consult a librarian if you need help!
  2. Plan "the Story"
    • An infographic is a visual story about a subject and it needs to have a beginning, middle and end. Create a wireframe to help tell the story.
  3. Convert Text to Images (pick a chart type)
    • Try to transform as much of your data and text into a visual imagery. This is where charts, graphs, diagrams, flowcharts, maps and other graphical elements come into play. 
  4. Determine the Visual Approach (choose tools)
    • Determine the color scheme, typography (font color and size) and structure. The general rule of thumb is to keep things simple. Use 2-3 font types, sizes and colors maximum. 
  5. Proofread and Refine
    • Have a friend, instructor, librarian, etc. proofread your work before you publish it. Be sure the data and information you are sharing is accurate and your work is grammatically correct and typo free. 
  6. Publish
    • Once you've finalized your infographic, share it with your classmaters, instructor and the world!

Visualization Types