The American Sociological Association (ASA) and other associations have their own unique guidelines for citing references in papers and essays. The reason(s) for providing citations to existing literature/research is/are:
1. To explicitly identify credit, and reference the author when one takes data or material verbatim from another person’s written work; and,
2. To provide acknowledgment of and reference to the use of others’ work, even if the work is not quoted verbatim or paraphrased.
Here are some general rules on how to format your references page:
Author's full name, inverted so that last name appears first. Year. “Article Title in Title Caps and in Quotes.” Journal Title in Title Caps and Italicized Volume Number(Issue Number):page numbers of article.
Phillips, Lindsay. 2015. "Homelessness: Perception of Causes and Solutions." Journal of Poverty 19(1):1-19.
In the example above the title of the journal (also commonly referred to as the source) is italicized and it comes after the title of the article.
The author is Lindsay Phillips.
The title of the article is "Homelessness: Perception of Causes and Solutions."
The title of the journal is Journal of Poverty.
Author1 (last name inverted), Author2 (including full surname, last name is not inverted), and Author3. Year of publication. Name of Publication (italicized). Publisher’s city and state, or province postal code (or name of country if a foreign publisher): Publisher’s Name.
Goffman, Alice. 2014. On the Run: Fugitive Life in an American City. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
A general rule may be applied to citing of Web sites: If the Web site contains data or evidence essential to a point being addressed in the manuscript, it should be formally cited with the URL and date of access.
In the text of the paper cite as: (ASA 2006)
In the reference list:
American Sociological Association 2006. “Status Committees.” Washington, DC: American Sociological Association. Retrieved December 12, 2006 (http://www.asanet. org/cs/root/leftnav/committees/committees).