Civil Engineering, Environmental Engineering, and Construction Management
This research guide was designed to introduce you to the field of civil engineering and construction management. You'll find books, article databases, and other resources you need to start your research.
Authors. (Year of initial publication). “Title of paper.” Journal abbr., DOI, CID/page range.
Irish, J. L., and Resio, D. T. (2013). “Method for estimating future hurricane flood probabilities and associated uncertainty.” J. Waterway, Port, Coastal, Ocean Eng., 10.1061/(ASCE)WW.1943- 5460.0000157, 04013015.
ASCE Committee/Technical Reports — ASCE committees, task forces, etc. publish reports, proposed codes and standards, commentaries on codes and standards, and so on. The committee is the author.
ASCE Task Force on Friction Factors in Open Channels. (1963). “Friction factors in open channels.” J. Hydraul. Div., 89(2), 97–143.
Mossberg, W. S. (1993). “Word isn’t perfect but new WordPerfect is too much for words.” Wall Street Journal., Dec. 2, B1.
Eshenaur, S. R., Kulicki, J. M., and Mertz, D. R. (1991). “Retrofitting distortion-induced fatigue cracking of noncomposite steel girder-floorbeam-stringer bridges.” Proc., 8th Annual Int. Bridge Conf., Engineers’ Society of Western Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh, 380–388.
Karam, G. N. (1991). “Effect of fiber volume on the strength properties of short fiber reinforced cements with application to bending strength of WFRC.” Proc., 6th Technical. Conf. of the American Society for Composites, A. Smith, ed., Vol. 1, Technomics, Lancaster, PA, 548–557.
MLA Citation Style
MLA is a system of documenting sources created by the Modern Language Association. It's most commonly used in arts and humanities disciplines, but like any citation style, it provides guidelines for writers on how to structure citations in a works cited page and refer back to them within the text.
Overall, an MLA Works Cited entry has the following basic parts:
WHO WHAT HOW WHEN WHERE
Who refers to an author or responsible person (like the director of a film), what is simply the title of the source, how is the publication information, when is the date the work was published, and where is the URL or DOI. MLA says they technically prefer a DOI to a URL, but in most college and university contexts, you'll want to provide a URL for the library database where you found the article (see examples below).
Remember that whenever you quote, summarize, or paraphrase someone else's work, you must provide a citation. A short citation goes right after the sentence where you used a source, like this (Author 35). This includes the author's last name, followed by a space, and then the page number from the work.
Here's an example:
In Cane, Toomer uses the American Gothic form to "critique the violent racism of American capitalism" (Borst 14).
Have more questions about MLA citation, paper format, and references? Contact your librarian or try these resources:
MLA uses the term "Works Cited" to describe the list of references at the end of an MLA paper. Works cited pages are double-spaced, with "Works Cited" centered on the first line and the citations below, in alphabetical order by author's name and a hanging indent.
Here's a detailed scheme for creating an MLA Works Cited entry:
Title of source.
Title of container,
Note the punctuation after each item in the list: this is what you should put in your Works Cited entry after each item.
If an article includes a DOI (document object identifier), include it. Otherwise, include the URL if you found the article online or in a database. Remember: your instructor may ask you to format citations in a specific way, so always follow your instructor's guidelines first, then MLA's.
Here's an example of a works cited page with two articles:
Borst, Allan. "Gothic Economics: Violence and Miscegenation in Jean Toomer's ‘Blood-Burning Moon’." Gothic Studies vol. 10, no. 1, May 2008, pp. 14-28. https://doi.org/10.7227/GS.10.1.4
Wan, Amy J. "The Little Orange Way to Know My Mother." Massachusetts Review, vol. 45, no. 3, Fall 2004, pp. 387-390. EBSCOhost, libproxyccc.nau.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=14988937&site=ehost-live.