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Civil Engineering, Environmental Engineering, and Construction Management

This research guide was designed to introduce you to the field of civil engineering and construction management. You'll find books, article databases, and other resources you need to start your research.

In-text Citations

It is not necessary to mention an author's name, pages used, or date of publication in the in-text citation. Instead, refer to the source with a number in a square bracket, e.g. [1], that will then correspond to the full citation in your reference list. Citations should be numbered in the order in which they appear. No distinction is made between electronic and print sources in in-text citations.

  • Place bracketed citations within the line of text, before any punctuation, with a space before the first bracket.
  • Number your sources as you cite them in your paper. Once you hae referred to a source and given it a number, continue to use that number as you cite that source throughout the paper.
  • When citing multiple sources at once, list each number separately, in its own brackets, using a comma or a dash between numbers: [1], [3], [5] or [1] - [5].

In-text citations can look like this:

"... end of the line for my research [13]."

"This theory was first put forward in 1987 [1]."

"Scholtz [2] has argued that..."

"Several recent studies [3], [4], [15], [16], have suggested that..."

"For example, see [7]."


Reference List

To finish citing sources, a numbered list of references must be provided at the end of the paper. The list is comprised of the sequential enumerated citations, with details, beginning with [1], and is not alphabetical.