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Civil Engineering, Environmental Engineering, and Construction Management

This research guide was designed to introduce you to the field of civil engineering and construction management. You'll find books, article databases, and other resources you need to start your research.

IEEE Citation Style

Engineering students at NAU are usually asked to cite their sources using IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) style. The IEEE is a professional organization supporting many branches of engineering, computer science, and information technology. In addition to publishing journals, magazines, and conference proceedings, IEEE also makes standards for a wide variety of industries.

IEEE citation style includes in-text citations, numbered in square brackets, which refer to the full citation listed in the reference list at the end of the paper. The reference list is organized numerically, not alphabetically. 

Here are some style guides that will help you format your citations:

ASCE Citation Style


 Evans, G. M., and Furlong, J. C. (2003). Environmental biotechnology: Theory and applications, Wiley, Chichester, U.K.

Moody’s municipal and government manual. (1988). Moody’s Investors Service, New York.

Building Codes and Provisions 

ACI (American Concrete Institute). (1989). “Building code requirement for reinforced concrete.” ACI 318-89, Farmington Hills, MI.

Building Officials and Code Administrators International (BOCA). (1993). The BOCA national building code, Country Club Hills, IL.

CEN (European Committee for Standardization). (1992). “Design of steel structures, part 1.1.” Eurocode 3, Brussels.


 Arizona Dept. of Commerce. (2005). “Community profile: Hualapai Indian Reservation.”http://www.azcommerce/com/doclib/commune/hualapai.pdf  (Mar. 17, 2014).

“Acquisition reform network.” (1998). Arnet, 〈〉 (Jan. 21, 2010).

Journal Articles

 Authors. (Year of initial publication). “Title of paper.” Journal abbr., DOI, CID/page range.

Irish, J. L., and Resio, D. T. (2013). “Method for estimating future hurricane flood probabilities and associated uncertainty.” J. Waterway, Port, Coastal, Ocean Eng., 10.1061/(ASCE)WW.1943- 5460.0000157, 04013015.

ASCE Committee/Technical Reports — ASCE committees, task forces, etc. publish reports, proposed codes and standards, commentaries on codes and standards, and so on. The committee is the author.

ASCE Task Force on Friction Factors in Open Channels. (1963). “Friction factors in open channels.” J. Hydraul. Div., 89(2), 97–143.

 Newspaper Articles

 Mossberg, W. S. (1993). “Word isn’t perfect but new WordPerfect is too much for words.” Wall Street Journal., Dec. 2, B1.


 Eshenaur, S. R., Kulicki, J. M., and Mertz, D. R. (1991). “Retrofitting distortion-induced fatigue cracking of noncomposite steel girder-floorbeam-stringer bridges.” Proc., 8th Annual Int. Bridge Conf., Engineers’ Society of Western Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh, 380–388.

Karam, G. N. (1991). “Effect of fiber volume on the strength properties of short fiber reinforced cements with application to bending strength of WFRC.” Proc., 6th Technical. Conf. of the American Society for Composites, A. Smith, ed., Vol. 1, Technomics, Lancaster, PA, 548–557.


Citation Managers