Often in business resources, a work will have no author, but will include the data provider (Ex: Datamonitor, Standard & Poor’s, OneSource Global Business Browser). If there is no author, but there is a data provider, use the data provider as author, (Ex: Datamonitor, Mintel)
If there is no author or data provider, move the title to the author position and alphabetize the entry by the first significant word in the title.
Full official names should be used (ie. Securities and Exchange Commission not SEC)
Article from a Library Database that Does Not use DOI
Arruda-Filho, E., Cabusas, J., & Dholakia, N. (2010). Social behavior and brand devotion among iPhone innovators. International Journal of Information Management,30(6), 475-480.
Barkin, E. (2010, April). Jetting to greener pastures. Customer Relationship Management,14(4), 30-33,36.
Burkitt, L. (2010, December 16). McDonald's joins the line looking to expand in China. Wall Street Journal [Eastern edition], p. B.8.
Article from a Library Database that Does Use DOI
Holland, C. P. (1995). Cooperative supply chain management: The impact of interorganizational information systems. The Journal of Strategic Information Systems, 4(2), 117-133. doi:10.1016/0963-8687(95)80020-Q
Books & E-Books
Books (Entire Book)
Martin, Frank (2011). A Decade of Delusions: From Speculative Contagion to the Great Recession. Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley & Sons.
Martin, Frank (2011). Expanding Concerns: a Bigger Bubble? In, A Decade of Delusions: From Speculative Contagion to the Great Recession. Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley & Sons.
Rothberg, H. & Erickson, S. (2004) From Knowledge to Intelligence: Creating Competitive Advantage in the Next Economy. Retrieved from
Zwolak, Roman. (2010). Bowling alleys in the US (IBISWorld Industry Report 71395). Retrieved from IBISWorld database.
LexisNexis company dossiers pull together information from different sources (e.g. Hoover's and Disclosure). Cite the appropriate publisher of the information you used. Articles retrieved from LexisNexis Academic are cited according the guidelines for "Article from a Library Database that Doesn't Use DOI", as shown in the top box on this page.
Hoover's Inc. (2011, January 4). Johnson & Johnson. Hoover's Company Records - In-depth records. Retrieved from LexisNexis Academic database.
MarketLine Report retrieved from Business Source Premier
MarketLine. (2009, July 16). NIKE, Inc. [Company profile]. Retrieved from Business Source Premier database.
MarketLine. (2010, June). Footwear in the United States [Industry profile]. Retrieved from Business Source Premier database.
Romanowski, S. (2012, November). Sun Protection and Sunless Tanners - US. Retrieved from Mintel Oxygen database.
Geographic Research, Inc. (2014). Imported beer/ale: Drank in last 6 months.
Mediamarkdata retrieved March 10, 2014, from http://www.simplymap.com/
Geographic Research, Inc. (2014). Map based on family income : $150,000+, from
Census data,downloaded March 10, 2014, from http://www.simplymap.com/
U.S. Census/ American Factfinder
U.S. Census Bureau. (2010). ZCTA5 02451, QT-P11 - Households and Families: 2010 [Data]. Census 2010 Summary File 1. Retrieved from http://factfinder2.census.gov
U.S. Census Bureau. (2010). Middlesex County, Massachsuetts, DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 [Data]. 2010 Demographic Profile Data. Retrieved from http://factfinder2.census.gov
U.S. Census Bureau. (2006-2010). Boston city, Massachusetts, DP02 Selected social characteristics in the United States [Data]. 2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. Retrieved from http://factfinder2.census.gov
U.S. Census Bureau. (2008). Middlesex County, MA [Data]. 2008 County Business Patterns. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/econ/cbp/index.html
Web page citation follows this basic format:
Author, A. (date). Title of document. Retrieved from http://URL
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2009). CDC recommendations for the amount of time persons with influenza-like illness should be away from others. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/guidance/exclusion.htm
Web page where no author is identified:
All 33 Chile miners freed in flawless rescue. (2010, October 13). Retrieved from http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/39625809/ns/world_news-americas/
Web page where no date is identified:
The College of William and Mary. (n.d.). College mission statement. Retrieved from http://www.wm.edu/about/administration/provost/mission/index.php