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FOR 323W - Semester B

2. Use keywords to search for information.

Below are some main concepts that capture the gist of your paper on international forest management and climate change. Notice that there are a variety of different keywords that can be used to represent those concepts.

Concept 1:

"forestyness"

Concept 2:

"climate changeyness"

Concept 3:

"international policyness"

Concept 4:

"fixing thingsness...etc."

Concept 5:

The country you are investigating.

KEYWORDS TO EXPERIMENT WITH:

forest

forestry

"forest management"

"forest policy"

"forest governance"

deforestation

threats to forests like: fire,wildfire, wildland fire, logging, etc.

KEYWORDS TO EXPERIMENT WITH:

"climate change"

"global warming"

"global environmental change"

greenhouse

etc.

KEYWORDS TO EXPERIMENT WITH:

"international agreements"

"multinational agreements"

"international relations"

policy OR policies

negotiate OR negotiations

etc.

KEYWORDS TO EXPERIMENT WITH:

mitigate OR mitigation

adapt OR adaptation

future

planning

etc.

KEYWORDS TO EXPERIMENT WITH:

Russia

China

or whatever country you have been assigned

Understand why and how to use keywords.

1. Why search with keywords rather than phrases or sentences?

2. Why experiment with a variety of searches where you switch in different keywords for concepts like "forestyness," "climate changyness," etc.?

  • For example, what if instead of searching forest management climate change, you searched deforestation climate change?
  • Or, forest governance climate change?
  • Or forestry global warming?
  • Do these searches lead to different results? Do they lead to relevant results? What can you learn from that?

3. Why experiment with a variety of searches where you include different concepts and/or more or fewer concepts? 

  • What happens when you try adding a concept for "fixing things" like mitigate -- as in forest management mitigate climate change? Do you continue to find potentially relevant articles? Are these articles a bit more targeted on how to fix things?
  • What happens when you add in your country name to the same search? Or, try mixing different keywords with different combinations of concepts as in: forests Russia global warming.
  • How does experimenting with different combinations of concepts -- or experimenting with more or fewer concepts help  you find information? 

4. If switching in different keywords (a.k.a. synonyms) for your concepts is helpful for finding new information, then how do you go about finding synonyms?

  • Start with a search - any search. Before clicking on any of your results, glance over them to get keyword ideas. Expert searchers are constantly scanning their results and mining for new and/or better keywords before they click on a result; expert searchers practice what's called click restraint.