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ECI 313: Classroom Management In Early Childhood Education

Using information with purpose

Figuring out what kind of information you need for your assignments can be hard. You need to evaluate various kinds of evidence and claims, as well as the credibility of authors. You also need to think about how you want to use information in your own writing. The BEAM method provides a framework to help you think about the range of information sources and their value to your purpose.

  • Background: using a source to provide general information to explain the topic. For example, using an education encyclopedia or expert website to define some of the stages of early childhood development.
  • Exhibit: using a source as evidence or examples to analyze. For your classroom management portfolio, this could be a strategy used by another teacher, reported in a professional education magazine. It could also be results from a study of a specific classroom management strategy.
  • Argument: using a source to engage its argument. For your classroom management portfolio, you could build on or refute the techniques cited in a research study on classroom management.
  • Method: using a source’s way of analyzing an issue to apply to your own issue. For example, you might use a study’s methods, definitions, or conclusions on classroom management in older children to conduct your own study of classroom management in pre-school children.

From: How to Use a Source in the Research Toolkit by Wendy Hayden and Stephanie Margolin Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

BEAM model developed by: Bizup, Joseph. “BEAM: A Rhetorical Vocabulary for Teaching Research-Based Writing.” Rhetoric Review 27.1 (2008): 72-86. Communication & Mass Media Complete. Web. 4 February 2014.

BEAM Model

Image that summarizes BEAM model described above

Stephen Francouer. Ways to Use Sources: The BEAM Model (Bizup, 2008)./ Licensed as CC BY-NC-SA 2.0.

BEAM Model for ECI 313


What kind of information do you need?

Information Sources and Search Tools


  • You need to get oriented to the concepts and topic.
  • Your audience needs basic definitions and concepts.

Books, encyclopedias, professional websites.


Search Tools:

  • Google
  • Cline Library Book Search
  • Gale Virtual Reference Library
  • Teacher Resource Center


  • You and/or your audience need concrete examples of strategies, techniques, behaviors, etc.
  • You and/or your audience need some examples of what does and doesn’t work.

Books, education magazines and professional websites, scholarly research   articles.


Search Tools:

  • Cline Library Book Search
  • ERIC
  • Education Fulltext
  • PsycInfo
  • Google Scholar


  • You and/or your audience need to know/show why a specific strategy is more effective than another.


  • You and/or your audience need to replicate or extend a technique or research study in a different context.