What are meta-analyses articles? Meta-analyses are a type of article that builds off one or more systematic review articles. The authors look at all the primary-source research articles that were analyzed in a systematic review article, they gather and pool together data from these articles, and then they use statistical analysis on the data to see what trends can be identified for the most effective healthcare interventions.
What are systematic review articles? Systematic reviews are a type of article where the authors collect and critically analyze multiple, primary-source, research articles (mostly randomized, controlled trials) and then determine what those articles collectively tell us about the most effective healthcare interventions.
♦ DATABASES FOR FINDING META-ANALYSES AND SYSTEMATIC REVIEW ARTICLES ♦
The most comprehensive database of medical articles. Enter keywords to search, then filter by article type and select meta-analysis and/or systematic reviews. You can find out more about PubMed's article types here: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/pubtypes.html
A filtered search of PubMed that helps retrieve specific types of articles. To find systematic reviews or meta-analyses, enter keywords to search, then look at the articles that appear in the middle column.
A database that contains abstracts of systematic reviews, randomised controlled trials and other resources relevant to occupational therapy interventions. Most trials have been critically appraised for their validity and interpretability.
The American Occupational Therapy Association's Critically Appraised Papers (CAPs) are at-a-glance summaries of the methods, findings, and study limitations of selected individual articles about OT interventions. The article is Level I (limited to randomized controlled trials), II, or III evidence.
A critically appraised topic (or CAT) is a short summary of evidence on a topic of interest, usually focused around a clinical question. This site contains CATs focused on OT interventions. A CAT is like a shorter and less rigorous version of a systematic review, summarising the best available research evidence on a topic. A major benefit of a CAT or CAP is its brevity and simplicity. However, one limitation is the absence of independent peer review. Readers cannot be certain that a thorough and complete search of the literature has been conducted nor that an accurate interpretation of the methods, results and statistics has been made.
What are Randomized Controlled Trials (RCT) articles? These are articles that describe clinical studies in which people are allocated at random to receive one of several clinical interventions. One of these interventions is the standard of comparison or control. RCTs seek to measure and compare the outcomes after the participants receive the interventions. Because the outcomes are measured, RCTs are quantitative studies.
The most comprehensive medical database. Use keywords to search, then filter by article type if you are looking for a particular type of primary source article. You can find out more about PubMed's article types here: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/pubtypes.html
A filtered search of PubMed that helps retrieve specific types of articles. To find articles, enter keywords, run the search, then look at the first column. Use the dropdown to select the type of clinical study you are looking for: therapy, etiology, diagnosis, or prognosis.
Canadian-based and Canadian-developed occupational therapy journal literature search service, the only internet-based indexing and abstracting service containing over 8000 abstracts from over 20 national and international occupational therapy journals dated from 1970 to the present.
Search the web for articles, books, theses, and other sources spanning many disciplines. Many results will be from scholarly sources. Access full-text articles from your search by selecting the FIND@NAU link. To see the Find@NAU links in Google Scholar from any computer anywhere, link your Google Scholar account to NAU.
What are Practice Guidelines?
They are not listed in the pyramid shown at the top of this page, but they are developed from a close examination of systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and other studies. Practice Guidelines are systematically developed statements that outline current best practices to inform health care professionals and patients in making clinical decisions. Guidelines are produced after an extensive review of the literature and are typically created by professional associations, government agencies, and/or public or private organizations.
Good guidelines clearly define the topic; appraise and summarize the best evidence regarding prevention, diagnosis, prognosis, therapy, harm, and cost-effectiveness; and identify the decision points where this information should be integrated with clinical experience and patient wishes to determine practice.
Practice guidelines are also known as "Evidence-based guidelines" and "Clinical guidelines."
(Requires AOTA log-in) Based on findings of systematic reviews, topic specific Occupational Therapy Practice Guidelines define the occupational therapy domain and process and interventions that occur within the boundaries of acceptable practice. The guidelines can be a useful tool for improving the quality of health care, enhancing consumer satisfaction, promoting appropriate use of services, and reducing costs.
NGC is an initiative of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) External Web Site Policy, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NGC was originally created by AHRQ in partnership with the American Medical Association and the American Association of Health Plans (now America's Health Insurance Plans [AHIP]). The NGC mission is to provide physicians and other health professionals, health care providers, health plans, integrated delivery systems, purchasers, and others an accessible mechanism for obtaining objective, detailed information on clinical practice guidelines and to further their dissemination, implementation, and use.
Citation database of scholarly articles spanning the sciences, social sciences, arts, and humanities. Indexing goes back to 1900. This database can also search for articles that cite a particular work or author. Formerly called Web of Knowledge.
Over 9,800 exercise images which demonstrate and explain each exercise. Excellent for assisting patients with home exercise routines and as follow-through from their visit. Custom print to add personalized care notes and order and sort exercises based on treatment plan.
Provides information about behavioral measurement instruments including questionnaires, interview schedules, vignettes/scenarios, coding schemes, rating and other scales, checklists, indexes, tests, projective techniques, and more.
Produced by Behavioral Measurement Database Services, this comprehensive bibliographic database is abstracted from hundreds of leading journals covering health sciences and psychosocial sciences. It also provides information about behavioral measurement instruments, including those from Industrial Organizational Behavior and Education. Records contained in HaPI provide information on questionnaires, interview schedules, vignettes/scenarios, coding schemes, rating and other scales, checklists, indexes, tests, projective techniques and more.
A collection of psychological measures, scales, surveys, and other instruments for behavioral and social sciences research. Updated monthly, PsycTESTS indexes a wide variety of test types and instruments.