The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is the style manual of choice for writers, editors, students, and educators in the social and behavioural sciences. It provides invaluable guidance on all aspects of the writing process, from the ethics of authorship to the word choice that best reduces bias in language.
provides an overview of APA (American Psychological Association) style and where to find help with different APA resources. It provides an annotated list of links to APA materials and an APA overview. It is an excellent place to start to learn about APA format.
RefWorksis a data and citation management platform that allows researchers to generate, store, retrieve, and manipulate citations across a number of styles and formats. It is highly recommended that students and faculty learn how to use RefWorks, as it can save a significant amount of citation time. However, because students can only use RefWorks while enrolled at a university, there are a number of free citation management apps available as well. Please see the Citation Management Apps tab for more information.
For the most part, NAU students and faculty at PBC have access to two reference management platforms:
Refworks: a new way to collect, manage and organize research papers and documents. You can read annotate, organize, and cite your research as well as collaborate with friends and colleagues by sharing collections. RefWorks’ drag and drop capability along with our smart document recognition makes it easy and fast to upload documents and bibliographic metadata into your library and the Save to RefWorks feature allows you to capture research from websites with the click of a button. From simple bibliographies to papers formatted with in-text citations or footnotes, RefWorks handles it all.(Proquest.libguides.com)
NOTE: in order to access RefWorks on a phone or tablet, visit RefWorks Mobile at Refworks.com/mobile
Mendeley: A reference manager, academic collaboration network and crowd sourced database with a unique layer of social information research. Mendeley is available on Mac, Windows and Linux. Mendeley Web functions on all major browsers. Mobile versions of Mendeley are available for iPad, iPhone, and Android devices.
If you need help accessing and using either RefWorks or Mendeley, consult any of the following:
Rayyan is particularly useful when compiling research for a review (systematic or otherwise). It allows users to collaborate across institutions.
Systematic reviews are widely considered the highest level of evidence for researchers in biomedical and health science. Most of us are familiar with literature reviews, in which writers summarize the information relating to a specific topic. Systematic reviewers take this idea and go much farther by exhaustively searching the literature, assessing it, summarizing it, and making analytical and critical conclusions and/or statements based upon their findings.
NOTE: See hereand herefor two different visualizations comparing systematic reviews to other evidence-types.
Systematic reviews are complex, and full of moving parts. For that reason, it's good to know how they function--both for practitioners and for researchers interested in writing a systematic review.
Check out the following guides for in-depth descriptions, processes, and rationales for systematic reviews and meta-analyses:
In addition to understanding the components and workings of systematic reviews and meta-analyses, evidence-based practitioners should also spend time learning about the criticism used to question and explore reliance on systematic reviews: